A PATH FROM LEXEME TO MORPHEME (on exit-derivatives in the present-day russian language)
Objective of the research – complex analysis of the words with -exit component. Object of the research – speech contexts representing use of exit-derivatives in Russian-language segment of the Internet; subject of the research – absorption of the brexit-model by the Russian language. Following methods have been applied: observation, comparison, classification, and description as well as semantic, morphological and word-forming, contextual analyses. The research has resulted in determining the peculiarities of reception of exit-derivatives in the Russian language in terms of morphemization of the exit-component. Practical implication of the results is possible while studying neogenesis in the Russian language. Conclusions: 1) world political importance of the withdrawal of Great Britain from the EU has stipulated the fact that not only term Brexit but the whole range of exit-derivatives have appeared in linguistic discourses of numerous countries; 2) having occupied initially “empty” semantic niche with “countrywise” meaning “withdrawal of a country-member from the EU”, exit-derivatives have turned to be involved rather fast into the process of metonymic expansion (“withdrawal of a country from any international commute” and “a process of the withdrawal of some part of the country from the whole state”) and metaphoric reinterpretation (“withdrawal/exit of some significant person (politician, state figure) from a big sphere of political (state) activity”); 3) along with brexit lexeme, exit-derivatives are going through the stage of phonetic-graphic adaptation generating certain phonetic-graphic variability; they are entering morphological system of the Russian language overcoming original indeclinability; 4) in terms of Internet mass-media discourse, brexit word implements actively a word-forming potential acquiring derivatives and forming its own family of words; 5) brexit lexeme is being involved actively into the language game being one of the conditions of not only its reception but morphemization of -exit component in the Russian language.
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